The UN242 Middle East news bureau is named after the United Nations Security Council Resolution 242.

There are many U.N. resolutions that refer to Israel, but there are only two really important ones: U.N.181 effectively created the state of Israel. U.N.242 limits the expansion of Israeli borders by occupation and describes what Israel must do in order to be considered a mature and responsible nations.

The full text is below. Fundamentally, U.N.242 calls for Israel to give up the land it has illegally occupied since the 1967 war and return to pre-war borders. It also calls for a solution to the refugee problem – the “right to return.” Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians lost their property when they were driven out by the original zionist pogrom in 1948.

The Security Council,

Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East,

Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security,

Emphasizing further that all Member States in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article 2 of the Charter,

1. Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles:
(i) Withdrawal of Israel armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict;
(ii) Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force;
2. Affirms further the necessity
(a) For guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area;
(b) For achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem;
(c) For guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every State in the area, through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones;
3. Requests the Secretary-General to designate a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East to establish and maintain contacts with the States concerned in order to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution;
4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the efforts of the Special Representative as soon as possible.

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